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By industrial plant we mean a complex of capitals, machines, means and workers able to exploit material and energy resources to transform them into finished products with higher added value through chemical-physical transformations or manufacturing and / or assembly processes.

Elettromeccanica 3C performs the design, operation and management of industrial plants within the engineering sector which is called plant engineering.


Each industrial plant is divided into:

1. TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEMS, consisting of the machines that transform the material to be processed: in order to make the plant efficient it is necessary to pay attention to the choice of the suitable production system during the design phase of the plant itself.
, consisting of all those structures which, while not directly producing added value to the product, nevertheless create the necessary boundary condition to guarantee the correct operation of the technological systems (electrical system, hydraulic system, steam plant, compressed air system, chemical plant) and adequate operability of the employees (heating, ventilation and air conditioning, lighting, fire-fighting system, safety system, pollution treatment plant).


When we talk about the size of an industrial plant we are not simply referring to its surface, but several factors come into play; in general one can distinguish a plant in small, medium and large. To make this classification, production capacity, production continuity, number of employees, turnover and investments made are taken into consideration. In this context, however, it must be considered that the sector in which the plant operates is of considerable importance and how this is automated.


Integration can take place both vertically and horizontally. When we talk about horizontal integration we refer to the process by which the company is able to increase its production volume thanks to an increase in the number of orders (an example of horizontal integration is the acquisition of rival companies).

Vertical integration is the process by which the company extends processing upstream or downstream (an example of a vertical is the acquisition of a client company or a supplier company).


Production can be continuous or intermittent. We talk about continuous production when there is only one uninterrupted processing cycle and the processed product is unique.

We talk instead about intermittent production (in English, batch) when more products are produced, usually divided into lots.

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